sábado, 5 de enero de 2008

Aniversarios en la Corte de EEUU

Esta lista de "aniversarios" se la robe a Jack Balkin de su blog... Perdon Jack...

Supreme Court Anniversaries
2008 marks the anniversary of several important Supreme Court decisions.

100th anniversary:

Adair v. United States, 208 U.S. 161 (1908)(striking down ban on "yellow-dog" contracts that forbade workers from joining trade unions.)

Muller v. Oregon, 208 U.S. 412 (1908)(upholding woman protective labor legislation)

Ex parte Young, 209 U.S. 123 (1908)(creating legal fiction of suing state attorney general to permit suits against states and get around Hans v. Louisiana's interpretation of the Eleventh Amendment)

Londoner v. City and County of Denver, 210 U.S. 373 (1908)(administrative agencies must provide due process for adjudicative but not legislative actions)

Berea College v. Kentucky, 211 U.S. 45 (1908)(upholding Kentucky law that banned racial integration by private universities chartered as corporations)

Twining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78 (1908)(key case in debate over incorporation of the Bill of Rights, declining to incorporate Fifth Amendment's ban on compelled self-incrimination)

Bailey v. Alabama, 211 U.S. 452 (1908)(striking down peonage laws under the Thirteenth Amendment)[UPDATE: Actually the decision striking down the peonage laws is the second Bailey case, 219 U.S. 219 (1911), see Raphael's note below]

50th anniversary:

Trop v. Dulles, 356 U.S. 86 (1958)(cruel and unusual punishment to strip citizenship as punishment; origin of "evolving standards of decency" test in Eighth Amendment jurisprudence)

Kent v. Dulles, 357 U.S. 116 (1958)(recognizing right to travel under the Fifth Amendment)

NAACP v. Alabama, 357 U.S. 449 (1958)(protecting freedom of association of NAACP from compelled disclosure of membership lists)

Speiser v. Randall, 357 U.S. 513 (1958)(striking down requirement of loyalty oath in order to obtain tax benefits)

Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1 (1958)(holding that state school boards resisting integration orders were bound by the Supreme
Court's interpretation of the Constitution).

35th anniversary:

San Antonio Independent School Dist. v. Rodriguez 411 U.S. 1 (1973)(holding that education is not a fundamental right and poverty is not a suspect classification)

Frontiero v. Richardson 411 U.S. 677 (1973)(applying heightened scrutiny to classifications based on sex)

Miller v. California 413 U.S. 15 (1973)(developing three part test for obscenity)

Roe v. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973)(upholding right to abortion)

Doe v. Bolton 410 U.S. 179 (1973)(upholding right to abortion)

25th anniversary:

Bob Jones University v. United States 461 U.S. 574 (1983)(upholding loss of tax exempt status to private religious school that discriminated on the basis of race)

City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health 462 U.S. 416 (1983)(striking down various Ohio restrictions on abortion; in dissent, Justice O'Connor first offers "undue burden" test)

INS v. Chadha 462 U.S. 919 (1983)(holding legislative veto unconstitutional)

Marsh v. Chambers 463 U.S. 783 (1983)(permitting state legislatures to employ chaplains for prayers)

20th anniversary:

Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier 484 U.S. 260 (1988)(limiting student speech in school sponsored activities)

Hustler Magazine v. Falwell 485 U.S. 46 (1988)(First Amendment prohibits public figures from using intentional infliction of
emotional distress as an alternative to defamation claims)

Lying v. Northwest Indian CPA 485 U.S. 439 (1988)(Free Exercise Clause did not prevent logging on Native Americans sacred land)

Morrison v. Olson 487 U.S. 654 (1988)(upholding constitutionality of independent counsel statute)

Thompson v. Oklahoma 487 U.S. 815 (1988)(holding execution of persons who committed crimes while under the age of 16 violated the Eight Amendment)

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